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湖南湘潭2010届高三三模考试英语试题

信息类型:高考模拟题 -- 按类型分类 -- 高三_三模 日期:2015-09-17
PART ONE LISTENING COMPREHENSION(30 points)
Section A
Directions: In this section, you’ll hear 6 conversations between 2 speakers. For each conversation, there are several questions and each question is followed by 3 choices. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter(A,B or C)on the question booklet. You will hear each conversation TWICE.
Conversatoin 1
1.What time does school begin?
 A.At 7:00 B.At 7:15 C.At 7:30 
2.How will Charlie go to school?
 A.By car. B.By bus. C.On foot.
Conversation 2
3.What are the two speakers talking about?
 A.The generation gap in families.
 B.Respect and love for one’s parents.
 C.Children’s freedom.
4.What does the man think about his parents?
 A.They don’t love him.
 B.They control him too much.
 C.They are easy to get along with.
Conversation 3
5.What is Enrique lglesias’ father?
 A.A writer. B.A lawyer. C.A singer.
6.What can we learn from the conversation?
 A.Both Mike and Amy are fans of love songs.
 B.Mike doesn’t like love songs.
 C.Amy doesn’t enjoy love songs now.
Conversation 4
7.What are the two speakers?
 A.Students. B.Teachers. C.Clerks.
 
8.What are they mainly talking about?
 A.Noise in the office. B.A new meeting room. C.The story of a workmate.
9.What does Stan suggest they do?
 A.Talk to Jack openly. B.Move to another office. C.Ask for a meeting room.
Conversation 5
10.What do we learn about the man?
 A.He hopes to become a painter some day.
 B.He knows little about paining.
 C.He doesn’t like the course at all.
11.Who is Lisa Frank?
 A.The painter Desiree.
 B.The professor who teaches the course.
 C.The woman talking to the man.
Conversation 6
12.When does this conversation probably take place?
 A.Before class. B.During class. C.After class.
13.What color tie was the man looking for?
 A.Green. B.Blue. C.Brown.
14.Where did the man put the tie?
 A.In the cupboard. B.On the chair. C.In his drawer.
15.What can we learn about Sue?
 A.She is Mr. Johnson’s sister.
 B.She is the speakers’ guest.
 C.She is probably a babysitter.
Section B
Directions: In this section, you’ll hear a mini-talk. Listen carefully and then fill in the numbered blanks with the information you’ve got. Fill in each blank with NOT MORE THAN 3 WORDS. You will hear the mini-talk TWICE.
Early zoos around the world
 Time  Purpose 
in Egypt over  16  years ago for   17  of the rich.
in   18   about 3,000 years ago 
in ancient Greek  ◆to   19  animal and plant life
◆for   20  to receive education
PART TWO LANGUAGE KNOWLEDGE
SECTION A
    Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
21.Travelers        that they should bring their ID cards with them.
 A.have reminded B.are reminded C.were reminding D.had been reminded
22.---The authors of computer viruses are geniuses.
    ---I agree. They can apply their wisdom to other net technology from     human beings can benefit.
 A.that B.which C.what D.where
23.---How long have you been at home?
    ---Half an hour. My son        me home.
 A.would drive B.had driven C. has been driving D.drove
24.There are four bedrooms in the flat,    with its own bathroom.
 A.all B.every C.each D.either
25.The key to      the problem is to meet the demand      by the customers.
 A.solving, making B.solving, made C.solve, making D.solve, made
26.The temperature has risen      34 degrees centigrade. It is quite hot     May.
 A.at; to B.at; in C.to; on D.to; for
27.---The thread of my kite broke and it flew away.
   ---I told you it would easily break     it was the weakest.
 A.when B.for C.since D.where
28.Before you decide to leave your job,          the effect it will have on your family.
 A.consider B.considering C.to consider D.considered
29.Don’t you know, my dear friend,          it is your money not you that she loves?
 A.who B.which C.that D.what
30.---Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Guangzhou this morning.
    ---Really? He        the 9:00 train. It’s much more comfortable and safer to travel by train.
 A.could have taken  B.should take
 C.must have taken  D.can take
31.My father is       to play tennis every Sunday.
 A.enough active still  B.enough still active
 C.still active enough  D.still enough active
32.Some of the rubbish, such as wood, paper and iron,        away over a long period of time.
 A.rot B.are rotted C.is rotting D.rots
33.---English has a large vocabulary,        ?
    ---Yes. Know more words and expressions and you will find           easier to read and communicate.
 A.hasn’t it; it B.doesn’t it; that C.has it; what D.does; one
34.      the road round to the right, the blind man asked a boy to guide him.
 A.Follow B.Following C.To follow D.Followed
 
35.---You forgot your purse when you went out.
   ---Good heavens,          .
 A.so did I  B.so I did  C.I did so D.I so did
SECTION B
    Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phases marked A, B,C and D. Fill in each blank with word or phrases that best fits the context.
Lulu is a brave pet in our shelter.As you know, there are a lot of forest fires during the summer season.Many forests are badly damaged by fire each year.Not far from our shelter, a forest caught fire during this hot summer.We were in a heat wave which had been  36  for three days.
   Lulu rushed towards the forest where flames sent out a terrible 37 .I no longer had any   hope that Lulu would come back to the shelter.In fact, I was waiting for the firemen to announce his  38    in the forest, when suddenly, a fireman burst into my shelter and   39 me that my dog Lulu had  40  to save four kittens who were trapped by the flames.According to the fireman, Lulu seized the kittens, one by one moving them to a safe place.I immediately accompanied the fireman to the forest to  41  the rescued kittens.When we arrived at the  42  of the incident, we found Lulu was not there.Then we heard the  43  of a dog came from the forest barking furiously.I recognized it was my dog Lulu.The fireman followed the tracks of the dog until we found him barking  44  by the side of an injured fireman who was lying on the ground and desperately waiting rescue.Thanks to Lulu, four kittens and a fireman were saved.
That day, I was very proud of Lulu for his two heroic  45  toward the kittens and the fireman.Lulu showed much compassion (同情) for both animals like him and for a human being who was trying to  46  the fire with his colleagues.
This true story of genuine love and compassion shows us that pets are loving,  47  and compassionate.We should love and protect them.One day they could do us a good turn.
36.A.taking on      B.coming on    C.going on     D.keeping on
37.A.heat      B.energy     C.fever      D.burn
38.A.return     B.honour      C.death     D.action
39.A.warned     B.informed    C.communicated   D.gave
40.A.tried     B.wanted    C.managed    D.failed
41.A.pick out    B.pick up    C.bring on    D.bring up
42.A.scene    B.scenery    C.situation     D.view
43.A.voice    B.noise    C.accent     D.sound
44.A.heavily    B.strongly    C.loudly     D.happily
45.A.things    B.actions    C.dos     D.reactions
46.A.put off    B.put away     C.put up    D.put out
47.A.caring    B.careless     C.careful    D.carefree
 
SECTION C
    Directions: Complete the following passage by using ONE word that best fits the context.
New studies show how food and its production affect the globe and its climate. The process of making a hamburger, for example, requires loss of energy. A cow has to be fed and raised on farmland. And cow waste is a major source of methane(沼气)—  48  especially powerful greenhouse gas. The cow has to be killed. The meat has to be processed and shipped,   49  takes fuel. Most of the cow won’t even be used for meat people eat. By the time a hamburger finally lands o a dinner plate,   50  has made bad effect on the environment.
We can reduce the production of global warming gases by eating less beef. Other kinds of meat like pork and chicken do  51  harm to the environment ---at least  52  terms of the amount of greenhouse gases released.   53 , all kinds of meat are harder on the planet that vegetables.  54  changing our diet to less meat and more vegetables, as it turns  55  ,may do the world some good.
PART THREE READING COMPREHENSION
    Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage.
A
Anthony Horowitz was miserable (痛苦的) as a child. He was, as he puts it, “not very bright” and couldn't win the attention of his very wealthy parents, who preferred his “clever” older brother. At age 8, Horowitz was sent away to an abusive (虐待的) boarding school in his native England, even though he screamed and pleaded (恳求) with his parents year after year not to send him. “The thought was, ‘It'll be good for him' ,” Horowitz recalls (回忆). 
It was not. Horowitz did badly in his studies, had few friends and was bullied (欺负) for five years. “My teachers couldn't have had a lower opinion of me,” he said. “I wasn't even smart enough to rebel (反抗). The one thing I remember from the very earliest age was this desire to write. When I was 10 years old, I remember asking my parents to get me a typewriter for my birthday because I wanted to be a writer.” 
Now, at 55, Horowitz is one of the world's most successful children's book authors. His Alex Rider series has sold more than 5 million copies, and the eighth book featuring the young spy, Crocodile Tears, came out this month. 
The Alex Rider books tell the adventures of 14-year-old Alex Rider, an agent for the British intelligence agency MI6. 
Horowitz said he doesn't try to write for kids; it just comes out that way. “I have a feeling it's to do with purity and simplicity. I give as little information as is necessary to describe the room, the character in the room, and get on with the action,” he said. 
That style has also made Horowitz a successful writer of television shows for adults in Britain because, he says, writing books for kids is a lot like writing television for grown-ups: In both cases, it's all about entertaining people with a good story. 
Now, Horowitz couldn't be happier with his life. He sums up his success: “…you can be anything you want to be if you just believe in yourself. I do believe it completely.” 
56.The text is mainly about ______. 
A.Horowitz's popular book – Alex Rider 
B.Horowitz's miserable childhood 
C.Horowitz, a successful children's writer 
D.Horowitz's special writing style 
57.In his childhood, Anthony Horowitz      .
 A.was more intelligent than his brother
B.was paid more attention by his parents
C.led a miserable why he was sent to the boarding school
D.led a miserable life because of poverty
58.In the boarding school, Horowitz's teachers ______. 
A.showed great concern for him 
B.often abused and bullied him 
C.taught him how to write stories 
D.thought little of his ability 
59.Which of the following is true of Anthony Horowitz?
A.He was the beloved child of his family. 
B.He benefited a lot from boarding school.
C.He emphasizes the plot rather than character in stories.
D.Although he is successful, he isn't very happy. 
60.What advice does Horowitz have for readers? 
A.Confidence is the key to success.
B.Hardship teaches valuable lessons. 
C.Interest is the best teacher. 
D.Diligence is the parent of success. 
B
Almost a decade ago, the federal government dropped $10 million for an Earth-monitoring satellite that never made it into space. Today it sits in a closet in Maryland. Cost to taxpayers for storing it: $1 million a year. And that's just what's hiding in one closet. Who knows what's in the rest of them?
Because we think the government should be held to at least the same standards as a publicly traded company, and because as taxpayers, we're America's shareholders, we performed an audit (财务检查)of sorts of the federal books. We're not economists, but we do have common sense. We tried to be apolitical (无关政治的)and got help from Congressional staffers from both parties, as well as various watchdog groups and agencies. In the end, we found that the federal government wastes nearly $1 trillion every year.
That's roughly equal to the amount collected annually by the Internal Revenue Service in personal income taxes. Put another way, it's also equal to about one-third of the country's $2.9 trillion total annual budget. And reclaiming that lost trillion(三十亿)could help wipe out the country's annual budget deficit(赤字), improve education, and provide health insurance for those who don't have it.
So how do you define "waste"? David Walker of the Government Accountability Office (GAO), a federal watchdog agency, calls it "the government's failure to give taxpayers the most for their money." For our part, we used the kind of household test you would use on a piece of meat sitting in your refrigerator: If it smells rotten, it's waste. And there is plenty to sniff out. Our government regularly pays for products and services it never gets, wildly overpays companies to do things it could do more cheaply itself, loses money outright due to lax(松驰的)accounting and oversight, fails to collect what it's owed, and antes up for unnecessary programs.
How exactly does the federal government fritter away your hard-earned tax dollars? We've identified what we consider ten of the worst ways.
61.The underlined sentence in Paragraph1 really means         .
A.there are many other closets B.there are some other satellites
C.there is something else in the closets D.the waste may be quite amazing
62.Which of the following statements may be right?
 A.The country’s annual budget is usually decided by the public.
 B.The government failed in launching the satellite.
 C.The government is only wasting money in space experiments.
 D.The amount collected annually in personal income taxes is equal to the country’s budget.
63.Which of the following can best describe the feeling of the author?
 A.Annoyed. B.Calm. C.Surprised. D.Not concerned.
64.The best title for the passage would be         .
 A.Protecting Our Rights! 
 B.Our Country Is In Danger!
 C.The Government Is Wasting Our Tax Dollars!
 D.How to Prevent Government from Wasting Money!
65.What might be talked about if the passage is continued?
 A.Listing how the government is wasting taxes.
 B.Presenting people’s feelings against the government’s wasting taxes.
 C.Giving suggestion to help the government solve the financial problem.
 D.The government’s taking some steps to stop wasting taxes.
C
We may all have had the embarrassing moment: Getting half-way through a story only to realize that we’ve told this exact tale before, to the person we’re boring with it now. Why do we make such memory mistakes?
According to research published in Psychological Science, it may have to do with the way our brains process different types of memory.
Researchers Nigel Gopie, of the Rotman Research Institute in Toronto, and Colin Macleod, of the University of Waterloo, divided memory into two kinds. The first was source memory, or the ability to keep track of where information is coming from. The second was destination memory, or the ability to recall who we have given information to.
They found that source memory functions better than destination memory, in part because of the direction in which that information is travelling.
To study the differences between source and destination memory, the researchers did an experiment on 60 university students, according to a New York Times report. The students were asked to associate 50 random ( 随意的) facts with the faces of 50 famous people. Half of the students "told" each fact to one of the faces, reading it aloud when the celebrity's picture appeared on a computer screen. The other half read each fact silently and saw a different celebrity picture afterward
When later asked to recall which facts went with which faces, the students who were giving information out (destination memory) scored about 16 percent lower on memory performance compared with the students receiving information (source memory).
The researchers concluded that out-going information was less associated with its environmental context (背景)---- that is, the person ---- than was incoming information.
This makes sense given what is known about attention. A person who is giving information, even little facts, will devote some mental resources to thinking about what is being said. Because our attention is finite(有限的), we give less attention to the person we are giving information to.
After a second experiment with another group of 40 students, the researchers concluded that self-focus is another factor that undermines destination memory.[来源:Z|xx|k.Com]
They asked half the students to continue giving out random information, while the other told things about themselves. This time around, those who were talking about themselves did 15 percent worse than those giving random information.
"When you start telling these personal facts compared with non-self facts, suddenly destination memory goes down more, suggesting that it is the self-focus component (成分) that's reducing the memory, Gopie told Live Science.
66.The point of this article is to ____.
 A.give advice on how to improve memory
 B.say what causes the memory to worsen
 C.explain why we repeat stories to the same person
 D.introduce different kinds of memories
 
 
67.Those who read each fact silently and saw a different celebrity picture afterward      .
 A.can memorize more information B.have worse memory
 C.are more likely to repeat stories D.paid more attention to themselves
68.The person who is giving information       .
 A.may receive little facts B.focuses more on what he is saying
 C.has finite attention D.says much attention to his own behavior
69.The underlined word "undermines" probably means ____.
A.weakens    B.benefits    C.explains     D.supports
70.What did the scientists conclude from the second experiment? 
A.Destination memory is weaker than source memory. 
B.Focusing attention on oneself leads to relatively poor source memory performance. 
C.Associating personal experience with information helps people memorize better. 
D.Self-focus is responsible for giving information twice or more to the same person.
PART FOUR WRITING
SECTION A
    Directions: Read the following passage. Complete the diagram/Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information for the passage. Write NOT MORE THAN 3 WORDS for each answer.
Lead poisoning (铅中毒)occurs when lead is present in high levels in the blood of a person. It is one of the most common medical problems found in children. And it’s important to recognize the presence of lead in children’s bodies because lead is very harmful.
Children have the tendency to go around and put things in their mouths like paint peelings. This is one of the main causes of lead poisoning. It has also been found that children born in poor families have higher chances of getting exposed to lead.
Some of the common symptoms of lead poisoning in children are headaches, stomach pains, hair loss, muscle weakness, and weight loss, etc.
Lead poisoning can have severe effects and can lead to heart diseases, kidney diseases and neurological(神经系统的)problems. It can also result in mental dullness and a low I . Q. level. There have been cases where lead poisoning proved to be terminal for children.
It’s difficult to easily recognize whether a child is affected by lead poisoning, as the symptoms of this disease can occur due to some other medical problems. Therefore, children under the age of 6 should regularly be checked to know the level of lead in their blood through blood tests. It’s possible to completely cure a child with lead poisoning through treatment. Usually the oral medicine chelator(螯合剂)is given to the children. Sometimes, children are given an injection(注射)for reducing the lead level. Children who have very high level of lead in their blood would need treatment for a long period of time and would also be put on a special diet.
Parents have to take certain precautions to lower the chance of lead poisoning in children. Cleaning the house regularly and removing shoes at the door after coming in form outside will prevent the lead particles from entering the house. Children should be put on a healthy diet, containing high proportions(比例)of calcium and iron, such as eggs, milk, fruits, potatoes, etc.
Which helps to keep the lead levels in control, in the children’s bodies.
In short, it’s a must to be cautious and careful, and protect your children from the horrible consequences of lead poisoning.
 
 
 
SECTION B (10 points)
    Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in passage and the required words limit. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
    Many college-bound freshmen are worrying about more that just who their roommates will be this fall. They may also be nervous about the well-known fact that they are likely to gain weight this school year. While many of us remember the extra weight that showed up right around the start of our college careers, we are not always clear on how much weight we realize gained or why.
Many nutrition experts and psychologists think that it is the change in environment and the stress of a new beginning that cause the typical college freshmen to gain extra ponds. As students start a new stage of their lives, many eat to deal with the stress of change or loneliness. Often, college students are making meals or choosing foods independently for the first time in their lives. If they live in the college dormitory, they have a wide variety of foods to select from that may be higher in calories and fatter that the foods they consumed living at home. In addition college social events usually center around food. I clearly remember sitting in my dorm cafeteria for two or three hours on a Saturday morning socializing with my new trends. Instead of eating only one meal we would start with broadcast, eat throughout the drat on of our socializing, and finish with lunch. Food also makes an appearance after late-night parties, as part of a school day, or simply to break the monotony(单调).
So will this year’s typical freshmen really gain 15 pounds? According to a 2006 Tufts University study, students enrolling in college this will gain weight, but maybe not the assumed 15 pounds. Based on the students surveyed, the study found that men can expect to gain an average of 6 pounds and women an average of 4.5 pounds during the freshman year.
PART FOUR WRITING
Section B
81.What makes many college-bound freshman worried?(not more than 8 words
 
82.What seems to play an important role in students’ social events?(1 word)
 
83.What causes many college freshmen gain weight according to many nutrition experts and psychologists?(not more than 11 words)
 
84.What is the result of the 2006 Tufts University study?(not more than 11 words)
 
SECTION C
Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
你校校长打算改进食堂的设施(facilities)和服务(service),请你给校长写信,谈谈你的建议。字数在120左右。
 
 
 
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