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英语干货!短文改错的常见考点和解题方法

日期:2015-12-27 来源:互联网 浏览量:
英语干货!短文改错的常见考点和解题方法
英语干货!短文改错的常见考点和解题方法
1.考点设置之名词
 
【命题特点】
本来用复数,却用单数.
【改正方法】
(1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份;
(2)根据上下文的逻辑关系.
【详解】
1).She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success.(schoolmate改为schoolmates)
2). After class we become stranger at once.(stranger改为strangers)
3). They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get marks in all my subject.(subject改为subjects)
4). On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.(picture改为pictures)
5). There are advantage for students to work while studying at school.(advantage改为advantages)
6). He had no ideas that the kitchen was not forguests.(ideas改为idea)
7). I looked at his other hands. (hands改为hand)
 
2.考点设置之代词
 
【命题特点】
1.女性代词指代男性或相反;
2.单数指代复数;
3.代词词性误用。
【改正方法】
联系上下文的逻辑关系。
【代词的错误特点】
1.人称代词的偷换错误
2. 缺少人称代词的错误
3. 人称代词数的一致问题
4. 人称代词格的一致问题
【详解】
1).The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(his改为their)
2).I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei.( who’s改为whose)
3).It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited.(them改为us)
4).Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English .(me改为myself)
5).One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher .(showed后加it)
6).Some students may also save up for our college or future use .(our改为their)
 
3.考点设置之介词
 
【命题特点及改正方法】
介词涉及搭配错误,因此可从以下方面确定错误:
1)介词的基本用法;
2)习惯搭配;
3)动词词类确定错误,如talk,, serve, wait等。
介词短语常常考,固定搭配要记牢。介词后边跟宾语,结合语境细推敲。
【详解】
1).We do not seem to get much time to talk about together.(去掉about)
2).I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉at)
3).The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English.(去掉was后的in)
4).We’ll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner.(with改为about)
5).I am writing to thank you with your kind help. (with改为for)
6).He was looking for a glass the cupboard. (glass后加in)
7).Each these lines stands for a trouble in my life. (each后加of)
 
4.考点设置之时态
 
【命题特点及改正方法】
现在时与过去时的误用,句中一般没有时间状语。每年都考。要注意联系上下文,着眼于整个语篇的时态。通常整篇都是过去,突然一个句子用现在时。其中又以一般现在时和过去时互改为多。
【详解】
1).They did not want me to do any work at home; they wantme to devote all my time to my studies so that---(did改为do)
2).The time passes quickly. Evening came.(passes改为passed)
3).She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(reads改为read)
4).I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class.(talked改为talk)
5).I will write again and send you the photos we take together.(take改为took)
6).We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotel ago.(have改为had)
 
5.and\but\or误用及前后不一致
 
【命题特点】
主要考查and、or、but、so等并列连词的误用。
【改正方法】
1)根据句意确定误;
2)根据句子的逻辑关系确定错误。
【详解】
1).She is smiling at me but nodding at me.(but改为and)
2).It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(and改为or)
3).The food was expensive and the service was good.(and改为but)
4).I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light.(but改为and)
5).We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.(visiting改为visited)
6).She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(reads改为read)
 
6.考点设置之从句连词
 
【命题特点及改正方法】
句子结构方面的错误主要涉及句子成份和复合句的关联词等。解答这类题从以下方面来思考:
1)句子结构是否完整,成份是否冗缺;
2)复合句中边接方句和从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当等。
【详解】
1).It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain.(noon后加when)
2).I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.(that改为why)
3).The main problem was in that I always thought inChinese and tried to translate everything into English.(去掉that前的in)
4).Earning their own money allows them to spend on anything as if they please.(去掉if)
5).They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning.(去掉that)
 
7.考点设置之冠词
 
【命题特点及改正方法】
英语中冠词只有三个,只能从以下几个方向出题:
1)不定冠词a和an互改;
2)不定冠词a或an和定冠词the互改;
3)根据需要增删冠词。
【详解】
1).As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. (famous前加a)
2).We may be one family and live under a same roof, but---(a改为the)
3).On Thursday I will have to decide what I want to do over a weekend.(a改为the)
4).I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home (had后加a)
 
8.考点设置之形容词和副词
 
【命题特点及改正方法】
主要考查形容词和副词的误用、形容词及副词的比较级等。
1)根据adj.或adv.的基本用法确定错误;
2)修饰连系动词或名词用形容词;
3)修饰行为动词、形容词、过去分词及整个句子用副词。
【详解】
1).I would describe myself as shy and quietly.(quietly改为quiet)
2).There have been reports in America about people tryingto steal person information for bad purposes.(person改为personal)
3).Finding information on the Net is easily.(easily改为easy)
4).So what I learned from the job was much more important as what I earned.(as改为than)
5).My pronunciation was terribly .(terribly改为terrible)
6).They came back lately and had some tea.(lately改为late)
 
9.考点设置之非谓语动词
 
【命题特点改正方法】
1)谓语动词和非谓语动词的错用;
2)动词不定式和动名词的错用;
3)现在分词和过去分词的错用等。
【详解】
1).Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything as they please.(allow改为allows)
2).My parents will do all they can make sure that I get agood education.(make前加to)
3).Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I waslearning to express myself in simple English.(talk改为talking)
4).We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.(visiting改为visited)
5).Some students may also to save up for our college orfuture use.(去掉to)

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